Diabetes insipidus is considered a so-called syndrome, which is caused by a lack of the hormone vasopressin in the human body.
The latter is also called antidiuretic hormone. It is important to note that the symptoms of this disease are a violation of water metabolism.
And they manifest themselves in the form of constant and persistent thirst, as well as simultaneously increased urination. The development of the disease occurs due to the relevance of functional disorders of the pituitary gland.
These complications can occur due to the presence of neoplasms of various etiologies. Unsuccessful diabetes can also be affected by unsuccessful surgical procedures that affect the performance of the brain.
The disease does not occur due to genetic predisposition. In this article we will try to find out what are the actual symptoms of diabetes insipidus in men.
Causes and mechanism of the disease
The gradual development and progression of this disease occurs due to the relevance of complications in the pituitary gland.
Among other causes of the occurrence of destructive processes, there are unsuccessful operations that affected the brain.
As for genetics, the disease is not inherited. However, there are some autosomal recessive inherited syndromes, which are part of the clinic, which suggests that it was a genetic mutation.
As noted earlier, diabetes of non-sugar origin is considered a rather rare disease, which represents only about one percent of the total number of common diseases of the endocrine system. The identical incidence rate among the representatives of both sexes of different ages is traced.
Symptoms of diabetes insipidus in men
In order to properly diagnose, the doctor must interrogate his patient and find out whether there have been various dangerous symptoms.
Common signs of the disease
The main signs of the disease include a strong thirst and increased urine flow.
With regard to the severity of these symptoms, it should be noted that they may have completely different intensity. It should be noted that polyuria can be traced in all patients.
Moreover, an increased urine excretion is characterized by rather large volumes. In one day, a person can produce about ten liters of urine. But in some, especially severe cases, its number can be doubled or even tripled.
And it should be noted that the urine produced has no shade. It may contain a small amount of salts and other elements. All portions are distinguished by a specific low mass.
It is important to note that the persistent feeling of thirst for this type of diabetes subsequently leads to polydipsia, in which impressive amounts of various fluids are consumed. In some cases, they can be equalized with the volume of lost urine.
Disruption of sexual function and other "male" symptoms
Diabetes of the non-sugar form is characterized by the fact that men clearly show symptoms - the disease is quite noticeable.
As a rule, representatives of the stronger sex note a decrease in sexual function.
In addition, they may have problems with erection, as well as infertility.
First of all, the patient must pass an appropriate test for polyuria.
In the absence of health problems, the amount of urine produced will not be more than three liters per day.
Therefore, patients with this disease significantly exceed this indicator. In addition, the doctor may pay attention to the fact that people with this disease have a minimum density of urine.
During the passage of the appropriate examination, the patient must refrain from consuming a large volume of fluid. This should be done for eight hours. In case of a sudden decrease in the density of urine over a given time interval to the indicators of no more than 300 mOsm / L, the diagnosis called “diabetes insipidus” is confirmed.
It is important to note that the differential diagnosis provides for the exclusion of the insulin-dependent form of diabetes.
Also provides for the exclusion of the presence in the hypothalamic-pituitary region of various tumors of a benign or malignant nature.
Principles of treatment
Therapy can be medicinal, using an appropriate diet or based on the principle of using alternative medicine.
For the treatment of this disease, an analogue of an antidiuretic hormone of artificial origin called Desmopressin is used. It is used by instillation into the nose.
It is also necessary to note that central diabetes insipidus involves the use of Chlorpropamide, Carbamazepine, as well as other medications that stimulate the production of vasopressin for therapy.
Desmopressin Nose Drops
To minimize the release of urine in high quantities, doctors prescribe a hypothiazide. An important part of therapy is the implementation of procedures that are aimed at the normalization of water-salt balance.
But as for the diet, it should be such as to minimize the load on the organs of the excretory system. Foods in the diet should contain a minimum of protein.
It is necessary to use special decoctions and infusions that will eliminate unpleasant and uncomfortable symptoms.
The idiopathic form of this disease does not pose a serious threat to a person’s life.
But, it is important to note that cases of complete recovery are quite rare.
Gestational and iatrogenic diabetes can be cured easily and quickly. Proper application of treatment helps to maintain working capacity.
About the symptoms of diabetes insipidus in the TV show “Live Healthy!” With Elena Malysheva:
If you follow all the recommendations of a specialist, you can quickly get rid of this disease, which causes a lot of inconvenience.