Vitamins in diabetes patients prescribed very often. The main reason is that diabetics have an increased urination due to the chronically high blood sugar. This means that with the urine too many vitamins are soluble in water, as well as minerals, and you need to compensate for their deficiency in the body. If you keep your blood sugar normal with a low-carbohydrate diet, you eat red meat at least 1-2 times a week, as well as a lot of vegetables, then taking vitamin supplements is not necessary.
In the treatment of diabetes (controlling blood sugar), vitamins play a third-party role, after a low-carbohydrate diet, insulin and physical education. At the same time, supplements really help to solve some of the problems associated with complications. This is what our entire article is about, which you can read below. Here we mention that in the treatment of hypertension and heart disease, the situation is quite different. There vitamins are absolutely necessary and indispensable. Natural supplements that improve heart function are actually effective and beneficial. Read more in the article “How to cure hypertension without drugs.”
How can you find out if vitamins are beneficial for diabetes? And if so, which supplements are best to take? I recommend that you just try and learn from your own experience, according to changes in well-being. There is no better way than this yet. Someday genetic testing will be available to find out exactly which remedies are right for you. But we still need to live to this time. Theoretically, you can take blood tests that show a deficiency of some vitamins and minerals in your body and at the same time an excess of others. In practice, in the Russian-speaking countries, these analyzes are not widely available. Vitamin supplements, like drugs, act on each person in their own way. The following section describes the many substances that can significantly improve your test results, your well-being, and also delay the development of diabetes complications. Further in the article, when we say “vitamins”, we mean not only vitamins, but also minerals, amino acids and herbal extracts.
What vitamins you will benefit from diabetes:
- First of all, start taking magnesium. This wonderful mineral soothes the nerves, relieves the symptoms of PMS in women, normalizes blood pressure, stabilizes the heart’s rhythm, and in diabetes increases the sensitivity of tissues to insulin action. Magnesium tablets are affordable and very effective.
- Patients with type 2 diabetes love to eat flour and sweets too much, which kill them literally. Such people will be useful chromium picolinate. Take it at 400 mcg per day - and after 4-6 weeks you will find that the painful dependence on sweets has disappeared. This is a real miracle! You can calmly, with your head held high, walk past the appetizing goods on the shelves in the confectionery department of the supermarket.
- If you suffer from diabetic neuropathy, try alpha-lipoic supplements. It is believed that alpha-lipoic (thioctic) acid stops the development of diabetic neuropathy, and even reverses it. B vitamins complement this action well. Male diabetics may hope that their potency will be restored if their conductivity of the nerves improves. Unfortunately, alpha lipoic acid is very expensive.
- Vitamins for the eyes in diabetes - they are prescribed to slow down the development of diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.
- There are natural substances that strengthen the heart and make a person more energetic. They are not directly related to the treatment of diabetes. Cardiologists know more about these supplements than endocrinologists. However, we decided to include them in this review, because they are very useful and effective. These are L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10. They will give you a wonderful feeling of cheerfulness, as in young years. L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 are natural substances that are present in the human body. Therefore, they have no harmful side effects, unlike "traditional" stimulants such as caffeine.
Does it make sense to take any vitamins, minerals or herbs for diabetes? Yes, it is beneficial. Should I conduct experiments on myself? Yes, it is, but neat. Will this worsen health even more? Unlikely, unless you have kidney failure.
It is advisable to try different means, and then regularly take those from which you will feel the real effect. Charlatan drugs make up 70-90% of the supplements that are sold. But few tools that are really useful, have a miraculous effect. They provide significant health benefits that cannot be obtained with proper diet and physical education. Above, you read how magnesium supplements are helpful, as well as L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 for the heart. The likelihood of side effects from taking vitamins, minerals, amino acids or herbal extracts is 10 times lower than from taking medicines. However, for people with diabetic nephropathy, the risk may increase. If you have diabetes complications on your kidneys, check with your doctor before taking any new medicines or supplements. With pregnancy or liver problems, the same thing.
Where to buy good vitamins for diabetics
The main objective of our site is to disseminate information about the low-carbohydrate diet to control diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, this diet can reduce the need for insulin by 2-5 times. You will be able to maintain stable normal blood sugar without “jumps”. With type 2 diabetes for most patients, this method of treatment allows you to completely abandon insulin and sugar-lowering tablets. You can live great without them. Treatment with a diet is very effective, and the vitamins in diabetes complement it well.
First of all, try taking magnesium, preferably with B vitamins. Magnesium increases the sensitivity of tissues to insulin. Due to this, the dosage of insulin is reduced with injections. Also, magnesium intake normalizes blood pressure, has a beneficial effect on the heart, facilitates PMS in women. Magnesium is a cheap supplement that will quickly and noticeably improve your well-being. After 3 weeks of taking magnesium, you will say that you no longer remember when you felt so good. You can easily buy magnesium tablets at your local pharmacy. Below you will learn about other useful vitamins for diabetes.
The author of this article for several years does not buy supplements at the pharmacy, but orders high-quality drugs from the US through the iherb.com store. Because it costs at least 2-3 times cheaper than pills that are sold in a pharmacy, although the quality is not worse. iHerb is one of the world's leading online stores that sells health products.
In the Russian-language Internet, there are numerous clubs of women who like to buy cosmetics and products for children on iHerb. For us it’s important that this store offers a rich selection of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and other additives. All this means, which are intended mainly for consumption by Americans, and their quality is strictly controlled by the US Department of Health. Now we, too, can order them at low prices. Delivery to the CIS countries is reliable and inexpensive. IHerb products are shipped to Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Parcels need to pick up the mail, the notification comes in the mailbox.
How to order vitamins for diabetes from the United States on iHerb - download detailed instructions in Word or PDF format. Instructions in Russian.
We recommend taking at the same time several natural substances for the recovery of the body with diabetes. Because they act differently. What benefits brings magnesium - you already know. Chromium picolinate in type 2 diabetes perfectly reduces cravings for sweets. Alpha lipoic acid protects against diabetic neuropathy. A complex of vitamins for the eyes is useful to take every diabetic. Further in the article there are sections on all these means. Supplements can be purchased at a pharmacy or ordered from the US through iHerb.com, and we compare the cost of treatment for both of these options.
What means really effective
In order to “enter into the taste” of taking vitamins, first we will talk about substances that will quickly improve your well-being and add vitality. Try them first. True, some of them are not entirely from diabetes ...
Vitamins for the eyes of diabetes
Vitamins for the eyes in diabetes - are important for the prevention of vision loss. And if a diabetic cataract, glaucoma or retinopathy has already developed, antioxidants and other supplements will ease the course of these problems. Taking vitamins for the eyes is the second most important event for type 1 or 2 diabetes after intensive control of blood sugar.
The following substances are helpful for eyes with diabetes:
|Natural Beta Carotene||25,000 - 50,000 IU|
|Lutein (+ zeaxanthin)||6 to 12 mg|
|Vitamin C||1 - 3 g|
|Vitamin A||from 5 000 IU|
|Vitaimn E||400 - 1200 IU|
|Zinc||50 - 100 mg|
|Selenium||200 - 400 mcg|
|Taurine||1 - 3 g|
|Bilberry Extract||250 - 500 mg|
|Manganese||25 - 50 mg|
|Vitamin B-50 Complex||1 to 3 tablets|
Special mention deserve lutein and zeaxanthin - these are pigments of plant origin, which are important for the prevention of eye diseases. They are highly concentrated on the retina, exactly where the lens focuses the light rays.
Lutein and zeaxanthin absorb the most aggressive part of the visible light spectrum. Studies have convincingly proved that if you use foods or supplements rich in these pigments, the risk of retinal dystrophy is reduced, including due to diabetic retinopathy.
What vitamins for eyes we recommend:
- Ocu Support from Now Foods (lutein and zeaxanthin with blueberries, zinc, selenium, beta carotene and other vitamins);
- Lutein with Doctor's Best Zeaxanthin;
- Zeaxanthin with Lutein from Source Naturals.
Another important substance for the prevention and treatment of eyes with diabetes is the amino acid taurine. It helps well in degenerative lesions of the retina, as well as in diabetic cataracts. If you already have vision problems, then taurine is officially prescribed in the form of eye drops or intravenous injections.
You can buy taurine at a pharmacy and it will turn out to be of good quality. This amino acid is part of the good Ukrainian medicine crate and other drugs. If you order taurine supplements from the USA, it will be several times cheaper. We recommend to your attention:
- Taurine from Now Foods;
- Source Naturals Taurine;
- Taurine from Jarrow Formulas.
It is useful to take taurine tablets for the prevention of eye problems with diabetes. Also taurine is useful in that it:
- improves heart function;
- calms the nerves;
- possesses anticonvulsant activity.
If there is swelling, then this amino acid significantly reduces them and thus lowers blood pressure. How to treat hypertension with taurine, you can read here. With edema, taurine is a better choice than traditional diuretic drugs.
Magnesium - increases the sensitivity of tissues to insulin
Let's start with magnesium. This is a miracle mineral, without any exaggeration. Magnesium is useful because it:
- calms the nerves, makes the person calmer;
- relieves PMS symptoms in women;
- normalizes blood pressure;
- stabilizes the rhythm of the heart
- leg cramps cease;
- intestine works normally, constipation stops;
- increases the sensitivity of tissues to the action of insulin, i.e., insulin resistance decreases.
It is obvious that almost every person will quickly feel the benefits of taking magnesium. This applies not only to diabetics, but also to people with normal carbohydrate metabolism. The pharmacy sells magnesium preparations:
These are all high-quality tablets produced by reputable pharmaceutical companies. The problem is that the dosages of magnesium in them are small. To really feel the effect of magnesium, you need to take 200-800 mg. And pharmaceutical tablets contain it in 48 mg. They have to take 6-12 pieces per day.
You can order high-quality magnesium supplements from the US through iherb.com online stores (directly) or amazon.com (through intermediaries). These supplements have a more convenient dosage of 200 mg of magnesium in each tablet. They cost about 2-3 times cheaper than drugs that you can buy at the pharmacy.
We recommend UltraMag from Source Naturals. Because in these pills magnesium is combined with vitamin B6, and both substances enhance the action of each other.
Or you can choose other magnesium supplementation options, cheaper without vitamin B6. Quality tablets contain the following magnesium salts:
- Magnesium Citrate;
- Magnesium Malate;
- Magnesium Glycinate;
- Magnesium Aspartate.
Do not use magnesium oxide (Magnesium Oxide). It is absorbed worse than other options, although it is cheaper.
Here are some good, proven options for American diabetes magnesium supplements:
- Magnesium Citrate from Now Foods;
- High Absorption Magnesium from Doctor's Best;
- Magnesium Malate from Source Naturals.
Let's compare the price of 200 mg of magnesium in pharmacy tablets and in the addition of UltraMag:
|The name of the drug is magnesium||Packing price||The total dose of magnesium in the package||Price 200 mg of “pure” magnesium|
|for residents of Russia|
|Magnelis B6||266 rubles||50 tablets * 48 mg of magnesium = 2,400 mg of magnesium||21.28 rub for 192 mg of magnesium (4 tablets)|
|UltraMag from Source Naturals, USA||$10.07||120 tablets * 200 mg of magnesium = 24 000 mg of magnesium||$ 0.084 + 10% for shipping = $ 0.0924|
|for residents of Ukraine|
|Magnicum||51.83 UAH||50 tablets * 48 mg of magnesium = 2,400 mg of magnesium||4,15 UAH for 192 mg of magnesium (4 tablets)|
|UltraMag from Source Naturals, USA||$10.07||120 tablets * 200 mg of magnesium = 24 000 mg of magnesium||$ 0.084 + 10% for shipping = $ 0.0924|
* Prices in the table are as of April 26, 2013.
Publications in English-language medical journals show that even if you normalize blood sugar in diabetes, it does not improve the performance of magnesium in the blood. Read the symptoms of magnesium deficiency in the body. If you have them, you need to take magnesium supplements. Foods rich in this mineral are practically all overloaded with carbohydrates. With diabetes, they do more harm than good. The only exceptions are some types of nuts - hazelnuts and Brazil nuts. You can not eat these nuts so much to saturate the body with magnesium.
Alpha lipoic acid for diabetic neuropathy
Alpha lipoic acid is one of the most popular supplements in the world for type 1 and type 2 diabetes. She is so important that we have dedicated a separate detailed article to her. Read Alpha-Lipoic Acid for Diabetes. Treatment of neuropathy and other complications. "
Alpha lipoic acid and thioctic acid are one and the same.
With diabetic neuropathy, try taking it together with B vitamins. In the West, tablets with B complex, which contain 50 mg of each of vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, B12 and others, are very popular. We recommend for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy to try one of these complexes, along with alpha-lipoic acid. We recommend to your attention:
- B-50 from Now Foods;
- Source Naturals B-50;
- B-50 from Nature's Way.
Start taking these pills one per day. If after a week there will be no side effects - try 2-3 pieces per day, after meals. Most likely, your urine will turn bright yellow. This is normal, not harmful at all - it means that vitamin B2 works. The B-50 vitamin complex will give you vitality and possibly ease the symptoms of diabetic neuropathy.
Vitamins for Type 2 Diabetes
Supplements that are discussed in this article for type 2 diabetes increase insulin sensitivity in tissues. There is also a wonderful substance that helps to take control of an irrepressible passion for foods containing carbohydrates. This problem exists in almost all patients with type 2 diabetes. Chromium helps her well.
Chromium picolinate from craving for sweets
Chromium is a trace element that helps to cope with the habit of overeat harmful products. Means flour and sweets, which contain sugar and other “fast” carbohydrates. Many people are really addicted to sweets, akin to cigarettes, alcohol and drugs.
It turns out that the cause of this dependence is not a weak will, but a shortage of chromium in the body. In this situation, take chromium picolinate at 400 mcg per day. After 4-6 weeks, you will find that the painful dependence on the sweet has disappeared. You can calmly, with your head held high, walk past the goods on the shelves in the pastry department of the store. At first it’s hard to believe that the dependence on sweets has passed, and this happiness happened to you. Chromium is necessary and indispensable for the effective treatment of type 2 diabetes.
We recommend a low-carb diet for type 1 and type 2 diabetes. She alone will help you take control of your passion for sugar. But chromium supplements can provide great support.
In Russia and Ukraine, you will most likely find chromium picolinate in pharmacies under different names, and this will be a good choice. Or you can order chromium supplements from the USA:
- Chromium Picolinate from Now Foods;
- Chromium polynicotinate with vitamin B3 (niacin) from Source Naturals;
- Chromium Picolinate from Nature's Way.
After a simple calculation, you will see that chromium picolinate from the United States is much cheaper than supplements that you can buy at the pharmacy. But the main thing is not this, but the fact that as a result of taking chromium capsules your passion for carbohydrates will recede.
Let's compare the price of a daily dose of 400 micrograms of chromium in pharmacy tablets and in an additive from the Now Foods company Chromium Picolinate:
|Chromium Drug Name||Packing price||The total dose of magnesium in the package||Price 400 micrograms of chromium - daily dose|
|Chrome active firms Elite Farm, Ukraine||9.55 UAH ($ 1.17)||40 tablets * 100 micrograms of chromium = 4 000 micrograms of chromium||0.95 UAH ($ 0.12)|
|Chromium Picolinate from Now Foods, USA||$8.28||250 capsules * 200 micrograms of chromium = 50 000 micrograms of chromium||$ 0.06 + 10% for delivery = $ 0.07|
Note 1. Prices in the table are as of April 26, 2013.
Note 2. A popular preparation of chromium in Russia - sold in drops, a bottle of 50 ml. Unfortunately, the manufacturer "Resortmedservice" ("Mertsana") does not indicate how much chromium is contained in 1 ml of drops. Therefore, it is not possible to accurately calculate the price of 400 micrograms of chromium. It is obtained approximately the same as that of the “Chromium active” supplement of Elite-Farm, Ukraine.
Chromium picolinate needs to be taken 400 micrograms per day until the dependence on sweets passes. After about 4-6 weeks, you can walk to the supermarket in the sweets department with your head held high, and your hand will no longer reach for the shelves. Experience this wonderful feeling, and your self-esteem will increase significantly. Then take chrome every day, and the courses, "by well-being."
What other vitamins and minerals are beneficial
The following substances may increase tissue sensitivity to insulin:
- vitamin A;
- alpha lipoic acid.
Antioxidants - protect the body from damage due to high blood sugar. It is assumed that they inhibit the development of complications of diabetes. Their list includes:
- vitamin A;
- vitamin E;
- alpha lipoic acid;
- coenzyme Q10.
We recommend to your attention the multivitamin Alive complex from Nature's Way.
It is in great demand because it contains a rich composition. It includes almost all antioxidants, as well as chromium picolinate, B vitamins and plant extracts. Hundreds of reviews confirm that this complex of vitamins for daily use acts effectively, including in diabetes.
Zinc and copper
Zinc metabolism is impaired in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2. Increased excretion of zinc in the urine and impaired its absorption from food in the intestine. But zinc is the “core” of each insulin molecule. Zinc deficiency in the body creates additional problems for the beta cells of the pancreas, which produce insulin. Normally, zinc ions are antioxidants that neutralize free radicals, protect against oxidative stress, including beta cells and prepared insulin. When zinc deficiency with this function, there are also problems. Zinc deficiency has also been proven to increase the risk of developing cataracts in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The worse the control of diabetes, the more sugar the kidneys remove and the more zinc is lost with the urine.
Copper is a different matter. In patients with type 2 diabetes, there is an excess of it, compared with healthy people. And the more copper in the blood, the more difficult the diabetes. It is assumed that excess copper in the body has a toxic effect, contributes to the development of complications of diabetes. Copper excretion in the urine of diabetic patients is increased. The body is trying to get rid of excess copper, and it can be easily helped. Taking pills or capsules of zinc not only nourishes the body with zinc, but also displaces excess copper. Just do not need too “get involved” to avoid a copper deficiency. Take zinc supplements in courses for 3 weeks several times a year.
- Zinc Picolinate - 50 mg zinc picolinate in each capsule.
- Zinc Glycinate - zinc glycinate + pumpkin seed oil.
- L-OptiZinc is copper balanced zinc.
Today, the best price-performance ratio is represented by zinc capsules from Now Foods, USA. You will quickly feel that they bring real health benefits. Nails and hair will start to grow much better. Skin condition will improve, you will catch less cold. But your blood sugar will truly improve only when you go on a low-carb diet. No vitamins and dietary supplements can replace the right diet for diabetes! Read about Atkins book “Supplements: A Natural Alternative to Medicines” about zinc and copper. It is easy to find in Russian.
Natural substances that improve heart function
There are two substances that remarkably improve the functioning of the heart. When you begin to take them, you will feel more cheerful, feel a surge of strength, and this will happen quickly, in a few days.
Coenzyme (coenzyme) Q10 involved in the process of energy production in every cell of our body. Millions of people around the world take it to feel more energetic. Especially important is coenzyme Q10 for the heart. Many people suffering from heart failure have even been able to refuse heart transplantation, thanks to receiving 100-300 mg per day of this substance.
We recommend the following supplements with coenzyme Q10:
- High Absorption CoQ10 by Doctor's Best;
- CoQ10 Japanese production company Healthy Origins;
- CoQ10 with Now Foods Vitamin E
Read also the detailed article about coenzyme Q10.
L-carnitine - improves heart function, adds energy. Do you know that a person's heart feeds on 2/3 of fat? And it is L-carnitine that delivers these fats into the cells of the heart muscle. If you take it at 1500-2000 mg per day, strictly 30 minutes before a meal or 2 hours after a meal, you will feel a surge of vitality. You will be easier to cope with daily loads.
We strongly recommend ordering L-carnitine from the USA. Drugs sold in a pharmacy are of poor quality. Only two companies in the world produce good L-carnitine:
- Sigma-Tau (Italy);
- Lonza (Switzerland) - their carnitine is called Carnipure.
Manufacturers of supplements order wholesale carnitine powder from them, and then pack it in capsules and sell them all over the world. Cheaper carnitine is produced “underground” in China, but it is useless to take it.
Here are the supplements that contain high-quality L-carnitine:
- Italian L-Carnitine Fumarate from Doctor's Best;
- L-Carnitine Swiss from Now Foods.
Please note: if a person has a myocardial infarction or stroke, then he needs to urgently start taking L-carnitine. This will reduce the likelihood of complications by half.
What you need to know before taking vitamins
Vitamin A at a dosage of more than 8,000 IU per day is contraindicated for women during pregnancy, during breastfeeding, or if conception is planned within the next 6 months. Because it causes fetal malformations. This problem does not apply to beta-carotene.
Taking zinc for a long time can cause copper deficiency in the body, and this is harmful to the eyes. Please note that the Alive multivitamin complex contains 5,000 IU of vitamin A, as well as copper, which “balances” zinc.