Diabetes mellitus, unfortunately, is manifested not only by elevated blood glucose levels, it affects almost all human systems and organs. Especially dangerous are changes in the blood vessels of the lower extremities, which can lead to tissue necrosis, the occurrence of diabetic foot syndrome, and even the development of gangrene. In order to prevent such complications, in addition to the main treatment, a person should pay special attention to foot care. The patient needs to select high-quality shoes and special socks for diabetics, which take into account all the features of the skin and blood circulation in this disease.
What to look for when choosing socks?
Since the skin of the feet with diabetes becomes more dry and prone to cracking, as well as damage, the material of the socks should be natural, soft and smooth. In such products, as a rule, there are no internal stitches or folds, because otherwise they can lead to chafing and violation of the integrity of the skin when walking.
Socks for people with diabetes, have the following characteristics:
- in their manufacture are used only the highest quality and mostly natural materials;
- their cuff is elastic, due to which the vessels are not pinched and the blood flow remains free;
- the heel in such products is additionally compacted, because when walking it has a special load.
The cuff for socks for patients with diabetes should be free so as not to pinch the vessels and not rub the skin
Antiseptic impregnation is also useful in such socks, especially if the skin already has slight abrasions and damage. Thanks to the special technology of application, it is not washed off even after washing and provides a durable anti-bacterial effect. Diabetic socks should be made of elastic threads so that they fit the leg well, but at the same time do not squeeze it.
Regardless of the material, high-quality medical socks should be made without the elastic, which can disrupt normal blood circulation and put pressure on soft tissues. In such products, it is usually replaced by a hollow cuff with a special knit knit, thereby eliminating the squeezing of the leg. Cotton or bamboo fibers can be used as the base material for socks.
These socks are made of natural cotton with the addition of silver threads. Due to the fact that this noble metal has an antibacterial and antifungal effect, the risk of infection on the skin of the legs when they are used is reduced to zero. This is very valuable in cases where the skin of the legs is prone to poorly healing wounds or is already damaged. Silver speeds up the regeneration of the skin and prevents their infection.
These medical socks can also be made in a cheaper version, in which a one-time treatment with a colloidal solution of this metal is used instead of silver threads. However, the savings in the end it turns out very doubtful, because after the first wash all the useful properties of this product are lost. Given the durability of the antibacterial effect and the strength of the product with silver threads, it is better to give preference to just such socks.
DiaFit medical socks are designed specifically for patients with diabetes and contain silver antimicrobial particles.
The advantage of bamboo fibers is that they are naturally antibacterial and antifungal properties, so they do not need additional processing (unlike pure cotton, for example). However, they do not have the necessary elasticity for use in pure form in the manufacture of hosiery. Therefore, it is advisable to add a small amount of synthetic materials (polyamide, elastane) to them to improve consumer properties.
Copper threads are often woven into bamboo socks, which provide additional antimicrobial protection and antistatic action. These medical products are highly effective with increased sweating of the legs and often recurrent fungal diseases. In terms of strength, they are not inferior to socks made of classical materials, so the timing of their service does not differ.
Bamboo fiber socks have natural antimicrobial abilities, which is an excellent preventive measure for the development of diabetic foot.
These socks are made from pure, high-quality, soft cotton without any additives. The seams in them, as a rule, are flat, they are made very carefully and are located outside. The cape is additionally compacted and connected to the main part using a seamless technology, so the product will not rub and crawl off the foot.
Tight elastic in these socks is replaced by elastic knitted fabric, which ensures a good fit of the product. At the same time, such diabetic socks do not interfere with blood flow and do not put pressure on the soft tissues of the legs. They can be used both for the treatment and for the prevention of complications of diabetes from the lower limbs.
Is it necessary to use special socks for diabetes?
Since diabetes skin of the legs and feet is very vulnerable and prone to cracks, wounds and ulcers, the use of specially designed socks is simply necessary. From this seemingly insignificant detail of clothes sometimes directly depends on the state of human health.
Diabetic foot - a terrible complication of diabetes, which threatens the development of gangrene and amputation of the limb
Constant use of socks for diabetics should be one of the elements of the usual way of life. They have such an effect on the patient's body:
- reduce leg fatigue while walking and moving;
- prevent the formation of stagnation in the lower extremities;
- due to the antiseptic effect, they prevent the development and reproduction of fungi and bacteria on the skin of the legs;
- reduce the likelihood of growth of hardened skin and the appearance of corns;
- provide good thermoregulation.
So that the life of a diabetic patient is not overshadowed by severe complications, a person needs to adhere to a certain lifestyle: control blood sugar levels, take prescribed medications in time, and follow a diet. It is also important to monitor the condition of the legs, time the slightest abrasions and cracks with antiseptics, observe daily hygiene. In combination with the use of high-quality socks for diabetics, this will help to maintain health and prevent serious problems with the legs.