When a person is diagnosed with diabetes, to compensate for the disease, he needs to completely change his lifestyle. To this end, you need to follow a diet, take hypoglycemic drugs, such as Metformin, play sports, and sometimes resort to insulin therapy. Thus, the course of the disease can be controlled, but it requires some effort.
Physical activity is an integral part of successful treatment not only for diabetes, but also for asthma. But is it possible to do running with asthma and diabetes?
You can run with such diseases, because systematic and competent occupations of this sport prevent obesity, the development of problems with the heart and blood vessels, improve mood, performance and increase immunity.
But the maximum positive effect of physical exertion is the activation of metabolic processes and an increase in the digestibility of glucose. Due to this, in some cases, you can completely get rid of insulin dependence or significantly reduce the dose of antidiabetic drugs.
Walking and running
The best form of physical activity in diabetes and asthma is walking. After all, even a long walking tour will be a good load for the body, during which glycemia normalizes, the muscles will come in tone and endorphins, hormones that improve mood, will begin to be produced. Among other things, moderate exercise contributes to weight loss and prevent the development of obesity in the future.
Especially walking will be useful to those patients who for health reasons can not play sports. This category includes the elderly and those who have developed diabetic complications or have other serious diseases.
If the training will be chosen correctly, then there will be no side effects from it. On the contrary, it will allow you to burn extra calories, improve your mood and restore muscle tone.
However, all diabetics need to remember that after physical activity they may develop hypoglycemia, which is characterized by a sudden drop in sugar levels. Therefore, you should always carry around a carbohydrate drink or a product, such as candy or sweet juice. Although with a balanced diet and frequent meals, the chances of hypoglycemia are minimized.
If the patient has type 2 diabetes, doctors recommend that he do Nordic walking. Another type of physiotherapy exercises is used for the resumption of normal activity of the musculoskeletal system and the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
Although Scandinavian walking acquired the status of a full-fledged sport quite recently, it never stopped her from being one of the best loads for non-professional athletes and people with disabilities. After all, Scandinavian walking allows you to control the intensity of the load, based on the individual needs of the body, and it also allows you to keep 90% of your muscles in tone.
For classes should use a special stick, which can be purchased at a sports store. A cane of the wrong length will create an extra load on the spine and knees.
Finnish walking with a support on a special stick makes the load on the body soft and balanced. In addition, regular activities of this sport increase immunity, and most importantly, they are available to people with various diseases.
The pace of movement is selected individually, while there are no specific standards. Therefore, relying and pushing against a stick a person can move in his own rhythm, which will allow him to significantly improve his health and strengthen the immune system.
Regarding running, it will be useful at the initial stage of diabetes, when the patient does not suffer from a severe stage of obesity, and in the absence of additional risk factors. But if walking is shown to almost everyone, then there are some limitations for running a run:
- the presence of more than 20 kg of excess weight;
- severe diabetes, when glycemia is not controlled, which can lead to serious consequences of active loads.
For these reasons, jogging is the ideal workout for mild diabetes. Thanks to the rapid burning of calories, muscle strengthening, combined with diet therapy and the use of antidiabetic drugs such as Metformin, you can significantly improve metabolism and compensate for diabetes.
However, you can not immediately run long distances and at a fast pace. It is recommended to start with walking, working out joints and stretching the ligaments.
The intensity of the load should be increased slowly, without being engaged in the redistribution of opportunities. After all, with asthma and diabetes, the main task is not to get sports victories, but to activate metabolic processes.
However, it is worth remembering that only a moderate load can contribute to weight loss and reduce the risk of vascular and heart diseases, strengthen the immune system and prevent the development of diabetic complications.
Those diabetics who feel well should not be lazy and replace running with walking, because the load should be gentle, but not light.
Rules for running diabetes
There are a number of recommendations that are important to follow in case of diabetes.
So, before the session it is necessary to measure the indicators of glucose in the blood.
In addition, a diabetic with him should always be fast carbohydrates, for example, a piece of sugar or chocolate.
After running, it is advisable to drink a glass of freshly squeezed juice or eat a sweet fruit. If the sugar level is initially elevated, you may need to have a snack during your workout.
Also for diabetes, you need to follow the following guidelines:
- work through force and overload the body is contraindicated;
- all loads must be increased gradually, without overvoltage;
- you must do it regularly, because episodic training will be stressful for the body;
- exercise on an empty stomach is impossible, since it can lead to a decrease in glucose concentration;
- run better before lunch and two hours after a full breakfast.
In addition, for sports it is necessary to purchase high-quality sports and comfortable shoes. For diabetics, this rule is especially important, since even a small scratch can be a significant problem, because the defect will heal for a long time.
Diabetics who decide to start jogging should consult with an endocrinologist and a sports trainer who will compare all the risks and select the optimal type and time of classes. So, with the advanced stage of diabetes and asthma, this can be a slow short walk (up to 15 minutes), and with a stable state and compensation of the disease, the duration of the workout can go up to an hour of fast walking or a thirty-minute run.
All diabetics should remember that before, during or after physical activity, they may develop hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. In order for blood sugar not to drop to critical levels, one must carefully follow a diet, run regularly and at the same time.
Also, before each workout, it is necessary to measure blood glucose indicators. Before classes, it is recommended to consult a doctor, who will adjust insulin therapy and diet. It is important to increase the amount of water consumed, since during the load the body loses a lot of fluid.
With a sudden jump in sugar, a diabetic can develop a coma, so even with an insulin-independent form of the disease and uncontrolled glycemia, sports can be contraindicated. Patients aged 35 years, with a long course of the disease (10 years), prior to training, it is desirable to conduct special tests.
In addition, there are additional risk factors. For example, smoking or atherosclerosis, which significantly impede therapy and can prevent not only running, but even walking.
Drugs that improve the performance of sports activities
Despite the pharmacological progress, sports and proper nutrition, as before, are the best ways to combat obesity.
However, there are a number of drugs, the effectiveness of which is confirmed by the majority of doctors, helping to speed up the metabolic processes and reduce the sugar concentration.
The sports nutrition community offers a range of slimming products. The best drugs include Metformin and its analogues Siofor and Glucophage. These are relatively harmless products that have a complex effect, as evidenced by numerous studies.
It is also worth highlighting other means, which include:
- Sibutramine (Meridia, Reduxine, Lindax, Goldline) - popular drugs that suppress appetite, but they are not released without a prescription, as they have a number of dangerous side effects.
- Orlistat (Orsoten, Xenalten, Xenical) suppresses the process of fat absorption, but if it is not combined with diet, it will not be effective and will cause indigestion.
- Fluoxetine (Prozac) is an antidepressant that inhibits serotonin reuptake.
- Acarbose (Glukobay) - reduces the absorption of carbohydrates, but with improper diet can cause diarrhea.
It is also worth mentioning about complex fat burners that professional athletes take. These are peptides, anabolics, Ephedrine and Clenbuterol.
But for diabetics, Metformin will be the best option. Therefore, you should consider this drug in more detail.
The tool belongs to the group of biguanides, its action is based on the inhibition of gluconeogenesis. It also increases the insulin susceptibility of peripheral receptors and contributes to the absorption of glucose by the muscles.
Metformin can lower the base sugar concentration and its content after a meal. The drug does not stimulate insulin secretion, and therefore does not cause hypoglycemia.
As mentioned above, the drug contributes to significant weight loss in diabetes, accompanied by obesity. It activates anaerobic glycolysis, reduces appetite and absorption of glucose in the gastrointestinal tract, providing fibrinolytic and lipid-lowering effects.
The daily dose is one gram. After 10-14 days, the amount may be increased, which is determined by the concentration of sugar.
The average maintenance dose - 1.5 -2 g, maximum - 3 grams. To reduce the negative impact of the drug on the gastrointestinal tract, the total amount of funds is divided into two, three doses.
Tablets are taken in the process or after a meal, drinking water. Dosage for elderly patients is calculated depending on the condition of their kidneys.
Regarding side effects, after taking Metformin, problems with the gastrointestinal tract most often arise, such as abdominal pain, nausea, poor appetite, diarrhea and vomiting. Often these symptoms appear at the beginning of therapy, but then they pass on their own.
Sometimes with hypersensitivity to the drug, the patient has a moderate erythema. And some diabetics after taking such a drug as Metformin 850 have a poor absorption of vitamin B12 and a decrease in its concentration in the blood, due to which megaloblastic anemia appears and the hemopoiesis is impaired.
Occasionally lactic acidosis may develop. In this case, the pill is stopped.
Contraindications to Metformin are:
- diabetic precoma and ketoacidosis;
- age up to 15 years;
- diarrhea or vomiting;
- acute myocardial infarction;
- diabetic foot syndrome;
- kidney and liver problems;
- lactic acidosis;
- infectious diseases and more.
Thus, in diabetes, taking anti-obesity drugs must be combined with running or walking. This will reduce and maintain normal weight, stabilize blood glucose, improve the functioning of the heart and blood vessels, reduce triglycerides and cholesterol levels in the blood.
The video in this article talks about the benefits of running diabetes.