Diabetes control

How to decipher the biochemical analysis of blood

Long gone are the days when diabetes became a sentence for a patient. However, a person with such a diagnosis should immediately engage in the treatment and control of the disease. Increasing the amount of sugar in the blood can often lead to complications that can take the life of many joys.

In addition to special treatment important for a diabetic is self-control. By itself, diabetes is a rare disease in which the patient himself becomes in some way a doctor (of course, after appropriate training and expert advice).

Why should diabetics donate blood?

For more than a decade, they have been successfully blood chemistry. Even if a person does not experience any ailments and does not feel the manifestations of any disease, biochemical analysis will be able to show which of the organs is not working well, whether there is a lack of any vitamin or trace element.

The purpose of the analysis is to study the composition of the blood and its main components:

  • proteins;
  • carbohydrates;
  • lipids;
  • pigments;
  • various enzymes;
  • vitamins;
  • inorganic substances;
  • low molecular weight nitrogenous substances.

All obtained results are recorded in special forms. At the reception, the attending physician compares the analysis results with the generally accepted norm for healthy people of the same sex and age.

Most patients are not able to feel the drops of sugar in 4.0 - 13.0 mmol / l, that is, they adapt to such parameters. Therefore, it is simply necessary to take tests regularly to maintain an optimal amount of glucose in the blood.

For a diabetic to take this test is especially important, as he is more at risk of getting sick or getting complications from already existing diseases.
Diabetes is a disease in which there is a disruption in the work of the pancreas, which is working on the production of the hormone insulin. He is responsible for maintaining the generally accepted level of glucose in the blood. Patients with this diagnosis are prone to cardiovascular diseases, to excess weight, to diseases of the nervous system, eyes, kidneys.

What are the signs of kidney disease, who should I contact if I see the first symptoms?

The specificity of renal diseases in diabetes mellitus.

Decoding analysis

Processing the results of the analysis is aimed at assessing the basic blood parameters and is carried out in several stages. Modern laboratories have special equipment that allows you to automatically determine the basic parameters of blood.

In printouts, these parameters are indicated by Latin abbreviations. Here you can learn about the violation of protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism:

  • The carbohydrate metabolism compensation data is, first of all, the control of glycated hemoglobin. It is held 4 times a year (once every 3 months);
  • state of lipid (fat) metabolism (analysis of triglycerides, betalipoproteins and cholesterol, which is held at least once a year)
The table of indicators that you need to pay attention in the first place:


Reference Range

Health value and impact


The study of blood cholesterol, mmol / l


Cholesterol, despite the fact that they are actively scared of everyone, is vital for the body to complete the work of cells, food processing, secretion of hormones. But excess cholesterol can lead to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques and blockage of blood vessels.


The study of the level of ALT in the blood, E / l

up to 31.0

ALT is a special enzyme that allows you to judge the work of the liver. Increasing the level of the enzyme in the blood speaks of diseases such as cirrhosis, hepatitis, jaundice


Blood level AST study, E / L

up to 32.0

The AST enzyme is present in all tissues, but is mainly concentrated in the heart, thus it is an indicator of the cardiovascular system. High rates threaten a heart attack, thrombosis, pancreatitis.


The study of the level of total protein in the blood, g / l


The total amount of protein (albumin and globulins). It is responsible for the acidity and blood clotting, timely delivery of nutrients to the tissues. Abnormality indicates the occurrence of a number of diseases, from infections to oncology.


The study of hemoglobin in the blood, g / l


Hemoglobin is a complex erythrocyte protein, the main task is to transport oxygen.


The study of the level of total bilirubin in the blood, µmol / l

to 17.1

Bilirubin is a yellow pigment in the blood. Excess rate is fraught with jaundice and other liver diseases


The study of blood glucose, mmol / l


Glucose (sugar) - the main source of energy in the body and food for the brain. This indicator reflects the state of carbohydrate metabolism. Elevated blood glucose is the basis for the diagnosis of diabetes.


The study of the level of creatinine in the blood, µmol / l


An important indicator of the work of the kidneys. Formed in the muscles, enters the bloodstream, and then excreted in the urine.


The study of the level of CRP in the blood, mg / l


Obvious indicator of inflammatory processes in the body (trauma, infection, fungi). The higher the rate, the more acute the situation.


The study of the level of sodium in the blood, mmol / l


A vital element that supports muscle contraction. Concentrating in all fluids in the body, it regulates its volume.


The study of the level of potassium in the blood, mmol / l


Potassium regulates water balance, is a member of metabolic processes, along with sodium forms the work of nerve and muscle cells


Investigation of blood calcium, mmol / l


Supports the functioning of the cardiovascular and nervous system. Necessary for the formation of bone tissue and teeth.


The study of the level of iron in the blood, µmol / l

8,95 -30,43

Iron helps our body get enriched with oxygen. The trace element getting into the blood, promotes the formation of red blood cells - red blood cells.

But, even knowing the norms of values, it is impossible to independently diagnose or interpret the disease. Be sure to consult a doctor!

How to pass a blood test. Cost and terms

Proper preparation for testing and strict adherence to all recommendations of the doctor will help to achieve the most reliable and accurate results.

It is recommended to take the analysis:

  • in the morning (preferably until 09.00 - 10.00);
  • strictly on an empty stomach (you can neither eat nor drink, nor chewing gum, etc.).
Biochemical analysis can be taken at any nearby clinic at affordable prices (2-3 thousand rubles). All studies are carried out quickly and using only disposable materials. Usually the results are ready in one day, but often use the express method.

Blood test
- This is one of the sources on the basis of which the doctor can make a diagnosis. So, regularly donating blood and undergoing a general examination, it is possible both to reveal hidden diseases, and to prevent complications and start treatment in time.

How does biochemistry differ from general and clinical blood tests?

General analysis of human blood - This is a laboratory study that allows the attending physician to obtain reliable and complete information about the state of the human body, can determine the cause of indisposition, dizziness, nausea, fever. So learn about the presence of inflammatory cells in the body, the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, ESR, and other parameters.

Clinical blood test provides data about all its constituent elements in a more expanded form. Deviations from the norms may indicate either a lack of any substances in the body, or the start of the disease.
Special preparation for delivery of the general blood test is not required. It is important that it be done in the morning and on an empty stomach. In the evening it is advisable not to overeat, but to exclude fatty foods altogether. For this test, blood is usually taken from the finger.

Biochemical analysis It is taken strictly from a vein, it helps to present the work of the internal organs of a person - whether everything functions in full force. Gives a general picture of the water-salt balance, lack or excess of certain vitamins and minerals.

Timely delivery of blood for analysis, control and self-control for a diabetic is the key to his health!

Watch the video: biochemistry test,bmlt,dmlt,lab technician (December 2019).