Diabetes Diet

To help the sweet tooth: useful desserts for diabetics

Sweet dessert - not only delicious food. Glucose is a useful and necessary substance. It is used by every cell of the human body to receive vital energy. Sweet desserts supply the necessary energy to the human body. What desserts can be offered to diabetics? And what sweets are allowed for the nutrition of patients with diabetes?

Sweets, carbohydrates and diabetes

Everyone knows that diabetics should not eat sugar. For diabetics, special diabetic cookies, chocolate, and even bread baked without sugar are produced.

Is it really necessary to strictly monitor every gram of sugar eaten by a diabetic?

A patient with diabetes does not have enough or insufficiently produced insulin. This hormone is necessary for the passage of glucose from the blood into the cells of different tissues.

For the absorption of carbohydrates in diabetes, injections (injections) of artificial insulin are made. They act like natural. That is, help glucose cells pass through the walls of blood vessels.

The difference between artificial insulin is that its amount is always approximate. It is impossible with natural accuracy to calculate the required amount of insulin injection.

  • With type 1 diabetes (there is no insulin in the body), a sick person calculates the amount of carbohydrates (bread units - HE) before eating food and gives himself an injection. At the same time, the diabetic menu is almost the same as a healthy person. Only fast-digesting carbohydrates (sugar, sweets, condensed milk, honey, sweet fruits) are limited, which form a high concentration of glucose in the blood immediately after eating.
  • With type 2 diabetes (the body produces an insufficient amount of insulin) as much as possible limit the consumption of carbohydrate foods to allow a person to be independent of injections of synthetic insulin. Therefore exclude quickly digestible carbohydrates and limit carbohydrates slow absorption (porridge, potatoes, bread).
Thus, the number of sweets for diabetics of any type is limited and requires the use of sugar substitutes. These are substances that are slowly broken down in the intestines and prevent the concentration of glucose in the blood.

Sugar substitutes: what to use for sweet desserts?

For those who love the taste of sweet, medical cooking offers several types of substitutes - natural and synthetic.
The most useful are natural plant sugar substitutes - stevia and licorice. They give sweetness and do not contain calories.
Many natural sweeteners are high in calories and therefore for type 2 diabetes are limited to small doses (up to 30 g per day). Artificial sweeteners do not contain excess calories, but only imitate the taste of sweet. However, their excessive amount may be manifested in indigestion.

  • Stevia - contains sweet stevioside, which additionally stimulates the production of insulin in the pancreas. In addition, stevia stimulates immunity and wound healing (important for diabetics), inhibits pathogenic bacteria, removes slags and metal salts, accelerates metabolic processes.
  • Licorice - contains 5% sucrose, 3% glucose and glycyrrhizin, which provides its sweet properties. Licorice also regenerates pancreatic cells and stimulates insulin production.

Other types of natural sweeteners are high-calorie foods:

  • Sorbitol (E42) - found in rowan berries (up to 10%), hawthorn (up to 7%). It has additional beneficial properties: it drives bile, normalizes the intestinal bacterial flora, stimulates the production of vitamins of group B. Too much sorbitol (more than 30 g per day) causes heartburn, diarrhea.
  • Xylitol (E967) - contained in corn, birch sap. Insulin is not needed for its absorption by cells. In addition, xylitol enhances the absorption of oxygen by cells and reduces the amount of ketone bodies (the smell of acetone during diabetic breathing). It is also a choleretic and means.
  • Fructose is a breakdown product of sugar and is found in fruits, berries, and honey. Differs in slow speed of absorption in blood and high caloric content.
  • Erythritol (melon sugar) - differs from other sweeteners with a very low calorie content.

Synthetic sweet taste imitators are food additives. In addition, artificial sweeteners are not recommended for use in pregnant women and children.

There are a number of studies that talk about their destructive effects on the body - stimulating the development of cancer tumors.
The most pronounced carcinogenic properties of saccharin (E954), cyclamate (E952), dulcina. Suclarosis is considered the most harmless substitute, as well as aspartame (E951) and acesulfame K (E950). It is important to know that acesulfame is not recommended for heart failure. Aspartame decomposes at high temperatures, it can not be added to dishes long-term heat treatment.

So, what dessert with a sweetener can be offered to a diabetic?

Desserts for Diabetics: Recipes

Diabetics of any type should limit sugar intake and control the amount of carbohydrates.
For diabetics, wheat flour in baking is replaced with rye, corn, oatmeal or buckwheat.
  • Additionally, in case of type 2 diabetes, a reduction in the amount of carbohydrates is recommended. Therefore, dessert recipes for diabetics type 2 are made on the basis of sweet vegetables, fruits, cottage cheese.
  • For patients with type 1 diabetes, it is allowed to prepare flour desserts with sugar substitutes.

The drinks

On the basis of oatmeal cooked healthy jelly. For this take:

  • Fruits, which allowed the doctor - 500 g
  • Oatmeal - 5 tbsp. l

Fruits are ground with a blender and pour 1 l of water. Pour the oatmeal and simmer for 0.5 hours.

From other dessert drinks recommended for diabetics, you can make fruit punch. For this you need:

  • Sweet-sour juice (cranberry, orange, pineapple) - 0.5 l.
  • Mineral water - 500 ml.
  • Lemon - 1 pc.
  • Pieces of ice - 1 glass.

The juice is mixed with mineral water, the lemon is cut into slices and added to the mixture along with ice.

Read more about drinks that reduce the likelihood of diabetes mellitus can be read in this article.

Jelly and jelly cake

To prepare the jelly take soft fruits or berries that are allowed for use by the attending physician. Grind them on a blender, add gelatin, incubate for two hours and heat to dissolve (60-70ºC). After cooling to 40ºC, a sweetener is added and poured into molds.

On the basis of jelly, you can make a gorgeous and delicious yogurt cake. For this you need:

  • Low-fat yogurt 0.5 liters.
  • Fat-free cream 0.5 liters.
  • Gelatin 2 tbsp. l
  • Sugar substitute (up to 5 tablets).

Optionally, you can add grated nuts, cocoa, vanillin.

Prepare as follows: It is necessary to soak the gelatin in a small amount of water (100 ml) for 30 minutes. After that, heat without boiling and cool. Mix yogurt, cream, cooled gelatin, sugar substitute, pour into cups and refrigerate for 1 hour.

Cottage cheese casserole and curd mass

Curd desserts are prepared on the basis of cottage cheese (low-fat - with type 2 diabetes). Sweeten with sweetener, thin with low-fat cream or yogurt, drive in a blender to form a thick homogeneous mass.
Quantity of products:

  • Cottage cheese - 500 g
  • Sweetener - 3-4 tablets.
  • Yogurt or low-fat cream - 100 ml.
  • Berries, raw nuts (optional).

For cooking casseroles to the above products are added:

  • 2 eggs (you can replace 2 tablespoons. Egg powder).
  • 5 tbsp. l oatmeal flour.

Stir and bake in the oven.

Fruit Desserts

On the basis of permitted fruit, casseroles are prepared. From the berries and sweetener make sweet cream and jam.

  1. For an apple dessert, 500 g of apples are ground into a puree mass, cinnamon, sweetener, grated raw nuts (hazelnuts and walnuts), 1 egg are added. Put in molds and put in the oven.
  2. Fruit casserole cooked with oatmeal or flakes. To 500 g of grated fruit (plums, pears, apples) add 4-5 tbsp. l oatmeal or 3-4 tablespoons of oatmeal. If flakes were used, the mixture is left to swell for 30 minutes, then baked.
These recipes will allow you to expand the diabetic menu, to provide a variety of flavors, to indulge yourself with sweets.

Watch the video: Keto Flourless Brownies (November 2019).