Sweets, carbohydrates and diabetes
Everyone knows that diabetics should not eat sugar. For diabetics, special diabetic cookies, chocolate, and even bread baked without sugar are produced.
A patient with diabetes does not have enough or insufficiently produced insulin. This hormone is necessary for the passage of glucose from the blood into the cells of different tissues.
For the absorption of carbohydrates in diabetes, injections (injections) of artificial insulin are made. They act like natural. That is, help glucose cells pass through the walls of blood vessels.
The difference between artificial insulin is that its amount is always approximate. It is impossible with natural accuracy to calculate the required amount of insulin injection.
- With type 1 diabetes (there is no insulin in the body), a sick person calculates the amount of carbohydrates (bread units - HE) before eating food and gives himself an injection. At the same time, the diabetic menu is almost the same as a healthy person. Only fast-digesting carbohydrates (sugar, sweets, condensed milk, honey, sweet fruits) are limited, which form a high concentration of glucose in the blood immediately after eating.
- With type 2 diabetes (the body produces an insufficient amount of insulin) as much as possible limit the consumption of carbohydrate foods to allow a person to be independent of injections of synthetic insulin. Therefore exclude quickly digestible carbohydrates and limit carbohydrates slow absorption (porridge, potatoes, bread).
Sugar substitutes: what to use for sweet desserts?
- Stevia - contains sweet stevioside, which additionally stimulates the production of insulin in the pancreas. In addition, stevia stimulates immunity and wound healing (important for diabetics), inhibits pathogenic bacteria, removes slags and metal salts, accelerates metabolic processes.
- Licorice - contains 5% sucrose, 3% glucose and glycyrrhizin, which provides its sweet properties. Licorice also regenerates pancreatic cells and stimulates insulin production.
Other types of natural sweeteners are high-calorie foods:
- Sorbitol (E42) - found in rowan berries (up to 10%), hawthorn (up to 7%). It has additional beneficial properties: it drives bile, normalizes the intestinal bacterial flora, stimulates the production of vitamins of group B. Too much sorbitol (more than 30 g per day) causes heartburn, diarrhea.
- Xylitol (E967) - contained in corn, birch sap. Insulin is not needed for its absorption by cells. In addition, xylitol enhances the absorption of oxygen by cells and reduces the amount of ketone bodies (the smell of acetone during diabetic breathing). It is also a choleretic and means.
- Fructose is a breakdown product of sugar and is found in fruits, berries, and honey. Differs in slow speed of absorption in blood and high caloric content.
- Erythritol (melon sugar) - differs from other sweeteners with a very low calorie content.
Synthetic sweet taste imitators are food additives. In addition, artificial sweeteners are not recommended for use in pregnant women and children.
So, what dessert with a sweetener can be offered to a diabetic?
Desserts for Diabetics: Recipes
- Additionally, in case of type 2 diabetes, a reduction in the amount of carbohydrates is recommended. Therefore, dessert recipes for diabetics type 2 are made on the basis of sweet vegetables, fruits, cottage cheese.
- For patients with type 1 diabetes, it is allowed to prepare flour desserts with sugar substitutes.
On the basis of oatmeal cooked healthy jelly. For this take:
- Fruits, which allowed the doctor - 500 g
- Oatmeal - 5 tbsp. l
Fruits are ground with a blender and pour 1 l of water. Pour the oatmeal and simmer for 0.5 hours.
- Sweet-sour juice (cranberry, orange, pineapple) - 0.5 l.
- Mineral water - 500 ml.
- Lemon - 1 pc.
- Pieces of ice - 1 glass.
The juice is mixed with mineral water, the lemon is cut into slices and added to the mixture along with ice.
Read more about drinks that reduce the likelihood of diabetes mellitus can be read in this article.
Jelly and jelly cake
To prepare the jelly take soft fruits or berries that are allowed for use by the attending physician. Grind them on a blender, add gelatin, incubate for two hours and heat to dissolve (60-70ºC). After cooling to 40ºC, a sweetener is added and poured into molds.
- Low-fat yogurt 0.5 liters.
- Fat-free cream 0.5 liters.
- Gelatin 2 tbsp. l
- Sugar substitute (up to 5 tablets).
Optionally, you can add grated nuts, cocoa, vanillin.
Prepare as follows: It is necessary to soak the gelatin in a small amount of water (100 ml) for 30 minutes. After that, heat without boiling and cool. Mix yogurt, cream, cooled gelatin, sugar substitute, pour into cups and refrigerate for 1 hour.
Cottage cheese casserole and curd mass
- Cottage cheese - 500 g
- Sweetener - 3-4 tablets.
- Yogurt or low-fat cream - 100 ml.
- Berries, raw nuts (optional).
For cooking casseroles to the above products are added:
- 2 eggs (you can replace 2 tablespoons. Egg powder).
- 5 tbsp. l oatmeal flour.
Stir and bake in the oven.
On the basis of permitted fruit, casseroles are prepared. From the berries and sweetener make sweet cream and jam.
- For an apple dessert, 500 g of apples are ground into a puree mass, cinnamon, sweetener, grated raw nuts (hazelnuts and walnuts), 1 egg are added. Put in molds and put in the oven.
- Fruit casserole cooked with oatmeal or flakes. To 500 g of grated fruit (plums, pears, apples) add 4-5 tbsp. l oatmeal or 3-4 tablespoons of oatmeal. If flakes were used, the mixture is left to swell for 30 minutes, then baked.