Does coffee increase or decrease blood pressure?

A fragrant drink made from roasted ground beans is preferred by many people. Especially love to drink it in the morning after waking up. Coffee invigorates, tones, gives strength and freshness. But there is a perception that its frequent use is detrimental to the cardiovascular system. Therefore, coffee lovers are very interested in, increases or decreases the pressure of the drink, and can we consider it safe?

Impact on pressure indicators

Caffeine acts as an active component of any type of coffee beans, which increases blood pressure values. After drinking two or three cups of a tasty drink, the upper pressure is increased by a dozen units, and the lower - by 5-7. These indicators remain at a high level over the next three hours, even for people who do not suffer from pathologies of the heart and blood vessels.

Coffee raises the pressure if it is lowered. But with systematic use, addiction is produced, so hypotensive women should drink it in small amounts. This is due to the indispensable increase in dosage. Wanting to normalize pressure in this way, a person begins to drink more and more cups, and this significantly worsens the state of the cardiovascular system.

If a steady increased pressure has been formed, then experts recommend drinking other drinks, as coffee will harm them. After all, hypertension gives a load on the heart and blood vessels, and after taking a caffeine containing drink, their condition may worsen. In addition, high pressures may increase further.

Healthy people should not worry. But fragrant drink will benefit only in reasonable quantities, not more than two or three cups per day. Otherwise, you can overstrain the nervous system, deplete it, cause permanent weakness.

Important! Coffee contributes to the production of serotonin, improves mood, gives energy. All this is ensured by an increase in blood pressure, the expansion of the lumen of blood vessels, improved blood circulation.

Hypertension and pressure surges will remain in the past - free tool

Heart attacks and strokes account for almost 70% of all deaths in the world. Seven out of ten people die due to blockage of the arteries of the heart or brain. In almost all cases, the reason for such a terrible end is the same — pressure surges due to hypertension.

To bring down the pressure can and should be, otherwise nothing. But this does not cure the disease itself, but only helps to deal with the consequence, and not with the cause of the disease.

  • Normalization of pressure - 97%
  • Elimination of vein thrombosis - 80%
  • Elimination of palpitations - 99%
  • Headache Relief - 92%
  • Increased vigor during the day, improved sleep at night - 97%

Does it boost?

Coffee is an ancient, fairly common drink. Its main active ingredient - caffeine is considered a natural stimulant. Additionally, it can be found in green and black tea, energy products, chocolate products, beer, some plants (guarana, mate), cocoa.

Alkaloid in reasonable volumes improves the functioning of the nervous system, relieves fatigue, fights sleepiness, activates brain activity, and makes it possible to saturate cells with oxygen. If you use too much of this substance, then vasospasm occurs, which causes pressure to rise.

If we talk about coffee, it enhances the production of adrenaline, which invariably affects the pressure indicators. Experts found out - the constant use of the drink in large quantities can cause consistently high blood pressure, even with excellent health. Pathology in this case is not noticeable at first, as it proceeds sluggishly. But the presence of certain factors can be the impetus for the development of hypertension and its attendant symptoms.

Important! In people who do not complain about their health, coffee increases blood pressure and leads to hypertension with constant consumption in large quantities (three or more cups per day).

Does it lower?

Thanks to the research, it turned out that some volunteers who took part in the experiment, coffee lowers blood pressure. This is explained:

  • genetic trait;
  • concomitant diseases;
  • state of the nervous system.

With prolonged consumption of caffeine, the body begins to get used and does not react so violently to the standard dosage. As a result, blood pressure values ​​do not increase, and even slightly decrease. But you can not drink coffee to lower the indicators of the tonometer, especially with severe hypertension. In the case of small deviations from the norm, one should also be very careful in the process of absorbing a caffeine-containing drink, especially under adverse conditions:

  • stay in a stuffy room;
  • being in hot sunshine;
  • before and after workouts;
  • under severe stress;
  • during the recovery period after a hypertensive crisis.

Why indicators rise after a drink

Why does caffeine cause changes in blood pressure? After several cups of flavored drink, the activity of brain centers increases. From a calm state, the main organ of the nervous system switches to the hyperactivity phase, due to which caffeine is referred to as natural psychotropic drugs.

Reducing the synthesis of the neuroprotector adenosine, which controls the transmission of impulses, affects brain function. The excitation of neurons lasts quite a long time, which is fraught with their exhaustion.

Caffeine also affects the adrenal glands, thanks to which norepinephrine and cortisol are released into the bloodstream. Often, these hormones are produced in stressful situations, with increased anxiety, fear. This process speeds up blood circulation and leads to spasm of blood vessels. The person begins to be active and move faster, which leads to a rise in blood pressure.

Coffee causes changes in the body:

  • dilates blood vessels;
  • accelerates breathing;
  • actively stimulates the work of the central nervous system;
  • strengthens the heart activity.

Experts have proven that caffeine contains a drink:

  • increases blood pressure in healthy people for some time and does not affect health;
  • with hypertension can strongly affect the growth of blood pressure;
  • with regular use is addictive, and the body becomes immune to caffeine. That is why coffee is believed to be able to lower pressure;
  • moderate consumption of a quality product reduces the risk of developing many pathologies.

Green coffee

Normalize the concentration of sugar in the bloodstream and speed up the metabolic processes allow green coffees. But they should also be consumed in a reasonable amount so as not to bring harm to health. A cup of coffee made from green beans helps prevent the development of:

  • oncopathology;
  • diabetes;
  • weight gain;
  • capillary diseases.

With hypotension and predisposition to it, green coffee normalizes the work of blood vessels, stabilizes brain activity, improves heart function, increases blood circulation. Caffeine is also present in green coffee beans, therefore the rate of consumption of a drink should not be exceeded.

With milk

Dairy products are able to neutralize the quantitative indicators of caffeine in the prepared beverage, but not completely. Therefore, for hypertensive patients (at the onset of the illness), coffee with milk / cream can be drunk no more than two cups per day.

Experts note another beneficial effect of milk: it helps to compensate for the loss of calcium that occurs when drinking coffee.

Important! Healthy people and hypotensive such a drink without harm to the body can be consumed within two or three cups per day.

Decaffeinated coffee

It may seem that ordinary black coffee is much more dangerous than caffeine-free coffee. But this does not happen. Although in small quantities, but the alkaloid is present in these types of drinks. With elevated blood pressure it is undesirable to use it, because in addition to stimulating substances, the product contains many impurities remaining in the cleansing process, and fats that are not in natural coffee.

If you have a great desire to cheer up, then it is better to drink freshly brewed, not strong coffee with the addition of milk / cream. Or use chicory. There are no harmful elements that affect the pressure, but there is an attractive color and excellent taste.

Separately, mention should be made of coffee with cognac. It provides:

  • a burst of energy;
  • warms quickly;
  • relaxes;
  • improves attention;
  • relieves stress and relieves headache.

The ability of this drink to raise blood pressure increases many times, as cognac, like all alcohol, affects blood pressure indicators, increasing them. Hypertensive patients and people faced with cardiovascular diseases, such a remedy is contraindicated. If one person has a slight arrhythmia after drinking a cup, another person may experience ringing in the ears, nausea, pain in the heart area, which may result in a severe attack requiring medical attention and medication.

ICP and other problems

With established high eye / intracranial pressure, drinking coffee is strictly contraindicated. Often, pathological changes occur due to spasm of the cerebral vessels, and caffeine only aggravates this factor. As a result, problems with blood circulation begin and the general condition of the person worsens.

Intracranial hypertension is treated with drugs that increase the lumen of blood vessels and normalize blood flow. It is impossible to choose medicines on your own to eliminate unpleasant symptoms.

Coffee affecting performance

Not only not desirable, but also dangerous to drink coffee with high pressure. But when you need to increase it, you can use any kind of ground coffee beans. Even instant coffee with the addition of milk for a certain period will cause an increase in the tonometer values.

In moderation drink:

  • improve metabolism;
  • reduce the risk of developing diabetes;
  • reduce the likelihood of cancer pathologies;
  • improve concentration;
  • eliminate sleepiness;
  • increase working capacity;
  • invigorate, reinforce, fill with energy.

Experts believe that coffee is not only reflected in the pressure, but also affects the content of useful components in the body. The proteins, fats, carbohydrates, macro- and micronutrients that make up a quality drink help maintain weight within normal limits.

The caffeine containing drink lowers or increases the pressure in a person - a matter of many disputes. Much depends on the state of health, strength of the nervous system, accompanying ailments, consumed glasses of coffee. If there is a predisposition (even genetic) to hypertension, then more than two cups per day can not be drunk. In this case, the drink should not be too strong, with milk / cream.

If, after a fragrant cup of coffee, blood pressure rises constantly, and there is pain in the heart or head, then it is necessary to limit its use, replacing it with a useful liquid — juice, chicory, tea. With tachycardia and heart palpitations, an invigorating drink should be abandoned altogether. If health problems are not observed, then the product is recommended to consume in reasonable amounts.

Watch the video: Coffee Drinkers, Watch That Blood Pressure (December 2019).