The pancreas is an organ involved in the processes of digestion and ensuring the hormonal balance of the body. Insulin is one of the hormones that is synthesized by the gland. This active substance is involved in the distribution of sugar (glucose) in cells and tissues to provide them with energy. Indicators of the hormone are maintained at the level that is required for a particular stage of human life.
Category Types and types
If diabetes is a fairly common and known disease, then gestational diabetes during pregnancy is not very familiar to anyone. This disease occurs in only four percent of pregnant women, but to know about this disease is still worth it, since it is very dangerous. Gestational diabetes and its complications Gestational diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by a sharp increase in blood sugar levels during the period of wearing a child.
Hemochromatosis, also known as bronze diabetes, is a very rare hereditary disease associated with significant impairment of iron metabolism in the human body. With this pathology, this microelement is absorbed in excess in the intestine and then accumulates in organs and tissues, causing an overload.
One of the main factors for the occurrence of diabetes mellitus is the malfunction of the endocrine system. A decrease in the production of a hormone (insulin) or a drop in its vital activity occurs as a result of a dysfunction of the pancreas. The assimilation of glucose slows down, the blood sugar level becomes elevated, negative changes in the metabolism occur, and blood vessels are affected.
Diabetes mellitus is a common and at the same time dangerous disease. At the moment, there are no methods that would once and for all completely adjust the patient's condition to normal. But, fortunately, there are quite effective tools that allow a person to live and work fully. This pathology in most cases is characterized by an insufficient amount of insulin in the body - a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes insipidus ("diabetes insipidus", diabetes insipidus) is a rare disease that occurs due to a violation of the production of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin), or a violation of its absorption in the kidneys. The disease leads to increased fluid excretion, which is accompanied by a decrease in the concentration properties of urine and strong thirst.
Many diabetics who have only recently become ill, wonder: "Where is prick insulin?" Let's try to understand this issue. Insulin can be pricked only in certain zones: “Abdomen zone” - the zone of the belt to the right and left of the navel with the transition to the back “zone of the hand” - the outer part of the arm from shoulder to elbow; "leg zone" - the front of the thigh from the groin to the knee; "Scapular zone" - the traditional place of injections (the base of the scapula, to the right and left of the spine).
Type 3 diabetes mellitus, or Alzheimer's precursor: etiology of the ailment and treatment guidelines
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by poor insulin production by the pancreas or its complete absence, as well as elevated blood sugar levels. The consequence of this is glucose deficiency, which leads to the development of many diseases of the central nervous system. Vision begins to suffer, cataracts and hypertension develop, kidneys are affected.
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by a rather large variation in the forms of the disease. One of them is lipoatrophic diabetes. This disease differs from uncomplicated diabetes in a different clinical picture. Lipodystrophy in diabetes is a dangerous complication requiring close attention of specialists.
LADA - latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, in English, latent autoimmune diabetes in adults.This disease begins at the age of 35-65 years, more often in 45-55 years. Blood sugar rises moderately. Symptoms are similar to type 2 diabetes, so endocrinologists most often incorrectly diagnose.
What do those who have encountered it say about gestational diabetes? Reviews and recommendations for future mothers
Increased functional load on the female body during pregnancy often causes some negative symptoms. There may be new diseases, never manifested before pregnancy. According to women, often encountered gestational diabetes brings many problems, there are frequent questions related to the course of the disease.
Only 10 years ago, absolute or relative insulin resistance was considered primarily a problem of the elderly. Many clinical cases about diagnosing this pathology in children and adolescents have now been accumulated. For students of medical universities there is a list of topics on which they perform mandatory independent work.
Diabetes mellitus type I is an autoimmune pathology caused by a disruption of the endocrine system. The disease is accompanied by an increase in the glucose content in the blood plasma and develops as a result of the destruction of pancreatic cells that produce the hormone insulin. This hormone directly affects the decrease in the amount of glucose.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease that develops quickly or gradually (it all depends on the type of diabetes). The first signs of diabetes appear with a slight increase in blood sugar levels. Hyperglycemia has a negative effect on all organs and systems. If time does not turn for help, then there may be a coma or death.
Among the many functional disorders of the pancreas, latent (hidden) diabetes is distinguished into a special type. The peculiarities of the course of this pathology, as well as the methods of its detection, treatment and preventive measures will be discussed further. What is diabetes type lada (hidden, latent)?
Type 1 diabetes is formed when there is a shortage of insulin in human blood. As a result, sugar does not get into organs and cells (insulin is a conductor, it helps glucose molecules penetrate through the walls of blood vessels). A painful situation is formed in the body: the cells starve and cannot get glucose, and the blood vessels are destroyed by too much sugar inside.
Insulin-dependent diabetes of the first type is a dangerous endocrine disease of a chronic nature. It is caused by a deficiency in the synthesis of pancreatic hormone. As a result, the presence of glucose in the blood increases. Among all the cases of the disease under consideration, it is this type that is found not so often.
Despite all the risks and negative consequences, modern people rarely pay attention to their health. Such behavior is extremely dangerous, because the development of such an insidious disease like diabetes does not always have pronounced symptoms. In some cases, this disease may have a hidden form.
Usually pregnancy for a woman is a long-awaited and joyful moment. Alas, sometimes in this crucial period health fails. One of the possible problems is gestational diabetes (GDM), which appears due to a metabolic disorder during pregnancy. This problem worries many representatives of the weaker sex, because each of the women cares about the health of their child before birth.
Phosphate diabetes is one of the ailments that are rare in pediatric practice. This is a genetically caused disease, clinically similar to rickets, which occurs against a background of impaired phosphate reabsorption in the renal tubules. Such changes lead to the development of hypophosphatemia, impaired absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestinal tract and, as a result, inappropriate bone mineralization.