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Insulin Norm in Children
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Insulin Norm in Children

The pancreas is an organ involved in the processes of digestion and ensuring the hormonal balance of the body. Insulin is one of the hormones that is synthesized by the gland. This active substance is involved in the distribution of sugar (glucose) in cells and tissues to provide them with energy. Indicators of the hormone are maintained at the level that is required for a particular stage of human life.

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Types and types

Gestational diabetes in pregnant women: the danger, complications and treatment

If diabetes is a fairly common and known disease, then gestational diabetes during pregnancy is not very familiar to anyone. This disease occurs in only four percent of pregnant women, but to know about this disease is still worth it, since it is very dangerous. Gestational diabetes and its complications Gestational diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by a sharp increase in blood sugar levels during the period of wearing a child.
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Types and types

What is hemochromatosis and how is it treated?

Hemochromatosis, also known as bronze diabetes, is a very rare hereditary disease associated with significant impairment of iron metabolism in the human body. With this pathology, this microelement is absorbed in excess in the intestine and then accumulates in organs and tissues, causing an overload.
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Types and types

What is gestational diabetes mellitus: ICD-10 code, clinical presentation and causes

One of the main factors for the occurrence of diabetes mellitus is the malfunction of the endocrine system. A decrease in the production of a hormone (insulin) or a drop in its vital activity occurs as a result of a dysfunction of the pancreas. The assimilation of glucose slows down, the blood sugar level becomes elevated, negative changes in the metabolism occur, and blood vessels are affected.
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Types and types

Forms, symptoms, causes and consequences of diabetes insipidus

Diabetes mellitus is a common and at the same time dangerous disease. At the moment, there are no methods that would once and for all completely adjust the patient's condition to normal. But, fortunately, there are quite effective tools that allow a person to live and work fully. This pathology in most cases is characterized by an insufficient amount of insulin in the body - a hormone that regulates the amount of glucose in the blood.
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Types and types

Diabetes insipidus - what is it?

Diabetes insipidus ("diabetes insipidus", diabetes insipidus) is a rare disease that occurs due to a violation of the production of antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin), or a violation of its absorption in the kidneys. The disease leads to increased fluid excretion, which is accompanied by a decrease in the concentration properties of urine and strong thirst.
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Types and types

Where to prick insulin? Injection zones

Many diabetics who have only recently become ill, wonder: "Where is prick insulin?" Let's try to understand this issue. Insulin can be pricked only in certain zones: “Abdomen zone” - the zone of the belt to the right and left of the navel with the transition to the back “zone of the hand” - the outer part of the arm from shoulder to elbow; "leg zone" - the front of the thigh from the groin to the knee; "Scapular zone" - the traditional place of injections (the base of the scapula, to the right and left of the spine).
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Types and types

LADA type 1 diabetes in mild form

LADA - latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, in English, latent autoimmune diabetes in adults.This disease begins at the age of 35-65 years, more often in 45-55 years. Blood sugar rises moderately. Symptoms are similar to type 2 diabetes, so endocrinologists most often incorrectly diagnose.
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Types and types

Causes and symptoms of type 1 diabetes

Diabetes mellitus type I is an autoimmune pathology caused by a disruption of the endocrine system. The disease is accompanied by an increase in the glucose content in the blood plasma and develops as a result of the destruction of pancreatic cells that produce the hormone insulin. This hormone directly affects the decrease in the amount of glucose.
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Types and types

The first signs of diabetes

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease that develops quickly or gradually (it all depends on the type of diabetes). The first signs of diabetes appear with a slight increase in blood sugar levels. Hyperglycemia has a negative effect on all organs and systems. If time does not turn for help, then there may be a coma or death.
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Types and types

Complications of Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is formed when there is a shortage of insulin in human blood. As a result, sugar does not get into organs and cells (insulin is a conductor, it helps glucose molecules penetrate through the walls of blood vessels). A painful situation is formed in the body: the cells starve and cannot get glucose, and the blood vessels are destroyed by too much sugar inside.
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Types and types

Gestational or gestosis diabetes during pregnancy

Usually pregnancy for a woman is a long-awaited and joyful moment. Alas, sometimes in this crucial period health fails. One of the possible problems is gestational diabetes (GDM), which appears due to a metabolic disorder during pregnancy. This problem worries many representatives of the weaker sex, because each of the women cares about the health of their child before birth.
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Types and types

Phosphate diabetes: what is it and how to deal with it?

Phosphate diabetes is one of the ailments that are rare in pediatric practice. This is a genetically caused disease, clinically similar to rickets, which occurs against a background of impaired phosphate reabsorption in the renal tubules. Such changes lead to the development of hypophosphatemia, impaired absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the intestinal tract and, as a result, inappropriate bone mineralization.
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